Thursday, December 14, 2023

Exploring the Ancient and Modern Wonders of Rohri, Pakistan

 Exploring the Ancient and Modern Wonders of Rohri, Pakistan


Pakistan is a country with a rich and diverse history, culture, and geography. Among its many cities, one that stands out for its historical and archaeological significance is Rohri, located in the Sindh province. Rohri is a city that has witnessed the rise and fall of multiple civilizations, from the ancient Indus Valley to the modern Pakistan. In this essay, I will explore some of the ancient and modern wonders of Rohri, and show why it is a city worth discovering.


Rohri is situated on the east bank of the Indus River, across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. The city has a long history dating back to the 5th century BCE, when it was founded by Raja Dhaj and ruled by the Ror dynasty. It was also the capital of the Sauvira Kingdom, an important trading center in early Buddhist literature. Rohri was a hub of commerce and culture, attracting merchants, pilgrims, and scholars from different regions and religions. The city was also influenced by various invaders and rulers, such as the Greeks, the Scythians, the Kushans, the Arabs, the Mughals, and the British. Rohri has preserved its historical and cultural heritage, despite the changes and challenges it faced over time.


One of the most remarkable features of Rohri is its archaeological sites, especially the Paleolithic sites of the Rohri Hills, where chert tools and blades were manufactured and used by the Harappan culture. The Rohri Hills are a range of low hills that stretch for about 50 kilometers along the Indus River. The hills are rich in chert, a type of flint that is ideal for making sharp tools and weapons. The chert mines of the Rohri Hills are among the oldest and largest in the world, dating back to more than 200,000 years ago. The chert tools and blades were widely traded and used by the Harappan civilization, one of the earliest urban civilizations in the world. The Harappan civilization flourished in the Indus Valley from about 2500 to 1900 BCE, and had a sophisticated culture, economy, and technology. The chert tools and blades from the Rohri Hills are evidence of the Harappan civilization's ingenuity and innovation.


The Rohri Hills are also home to some of the landmarks of the city, such as the Sateen Jo Aastan shrine, the Lansdowne Bridge, and the Ayub Bridge. The Sateen Jo Aastan shrine is a sacred site for Muslims, dedicated to the seven saints who are buried there. The shrine is a complex of tombs, mosques, and courtyards, decorated with colorful tiles and paintings. The shrine attracts thousands of devotees and visitors every year, especially during the annual Urs festival. The Lansdowne Bridge and the Ayub Bridge are two of the most impressive bridges in Pakistan, spanning the Indus River and connecting Rohri with Sukkur. The Lansdowne Bridge was built in 1889 by the British, and was the longest rigid girder bridge in the world at the time. The Ayub Bridge was built in 1962, and is the third longest arch bridge in the world. The bridges are engineering marvels, and offer spectacular views of the river and the city.


Rohri is a city that has a lot to offer to travelers who are interested in history, culture, and archaeology. The city is a treasure trove of ancient and modern wonders, and a testament to a rich past and a vibrant present. Rohri is a city that deserves to be explored and discovered.


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