Thursday, December 14, 2023

Ghanta Ghar Sukkur: A Clock Tower with a History

 Ghanta Ghar Sukkur, also known as Clock Tower Sukkur, is a historical landmark in the city of Sukkur, Sindh province, Pakistan. It was built in 1922 to commemorate the silver jubilee of King George V, the former ruler of the British Empire. The tower is 90 feet high and has four clocks on each side, which used to ring every hour. The tower is located in the center of a busy roundabout, surrounded by shops, markets, and restaurants. It is a popular attraction for tourists and locals alike, who visit the tower to admire its architecture, shop for souvenirs, and enjoy the local cuisine.

The tower is also a symbol of the cultural heritage and diversity of Sukkur, which is the third largest city in Sindh and the 12th most populous city in Pakistan. Sukkur is situated on the western bank of the Indus River, opposite the city of Rohri. The city has a rich history and is home to many historical and archaeological sites, such as the Lansdowne Bridge, the Sukkur Barrage, the Tomb of Seven Sisters, and the Masoom Shah Minaret. Sukkur is also known for its festivals, such as the Sindhi Cultural Festival, the Urs of Khwaja Khizr, and the Cheti Chand. The city is a hub of trade and commerce, as well as education and health.

Ghanta Ghar Sukkur is a remarkable example of the colonial architecture and the legacy of the British rule in Pakistan. It is a reminder of the past, as well as a witness of the present and the future of Sukkur. It is a place where people can connect with their history, culture, and identity, as well as enjoy the beauty and vibrancy of the city.



Railway Junction

 Rohri Junction railway station is a major railway station in Rohri, a city in the Sukkur district of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is located on the eastern bank of the Indus River, across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. The station was built around 1887 during the British era, and serves as a junction between the Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line and the Rohri–Chaman Railway Line. The station is a stop for all express trains, and has four platforms, a large warehouse, and an iron bridge. The station is also a shopping destination for many women, who buy clothes, shawls, and Sindhi caps from the stalls on the platforms. 


http://pakrail.gov.pk/ 

Exploring the Ancient and Modern Wonders of Rohri, Pakistan

 Exploring the Ancient and Modern Wonders of Rohri, Pakistan


Pakistan is a country with a rich and diverse history, culture, and geography. Among its many cities, one that stands out for its historical and archaeological significance is Rohri, located in the Sindh province. Rohri is a city that has witnessed the rise and fall of multiple civilizations, from the ancient Indus Valley to the modern Pakistan. In this essay, I will explore some of the ancient and modern wonders of Rohri, and show why it is a city worth discovering.


Rohri is situated on the east bank of the Indus River, across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. The city has a long history dating back to the 5th century BCE, when it was founded by Raja Dhaj and ruled by the Ror dynasty. It was also the capital of the Sauvira Kingdom, an important trading center in early Buddhist literature. Rohri was a hub of commerce and culture, attracting merchants, pilgrims, and scholars from different regions and religions. The city was also influenced by various invaders and rulers, such as the Greeks, the Scythians, the Kushans, the Arabs, the Mughals, and the British. Rohri has preserved its historical and cultural heritage, despite the changes and challenges it faced over time.


One of the most remarkable features of Rohri is its archaeological sites, especially the Paleolithic sites of the Rohri Hills, where chert tools and blades were manufactured and used by the Harappan culture. The Rohri Hills are a range of low hills that stretch for about 50 kilometers along the Indus River. The hills are rich in chert, a type of flint that is ideal for making sharp tools and weapons. The chert mines of the Rohri Hills are among the oldest and largest in the world, dating back to more than 200,000 years ago. The chert tools and blades were widely traded and used by the Harappan civilization, one of the earliest urban civilizations in the world. The Harappan civilization flourished in the Indus Valley from about 2500 to 1900 BCE, and had a sophisticated culture, economy, and technology. The chert tools and blades from the Rohri Hills are evidence of the Harappan civilization's ingenuity and innovation.


The Rohri Hills are also home to some of the landmarks of the city, such as the Sateen Jo Aastan shrine, the Lansdowne Bridge, and the Ayub Bridge. The Sateen Jo Aastan shrine is a sacred site for Muslims, dedicated to the seven saints who are buried there. The shrine is a complex of tombs, mosques, and courtyards, decorated with colorful tiles and paintings. The shrine attracts thousands of devotees and visitors every year, especially during the annual Urs festival. The Lansdowne Bridge and the Ayub Bridge are two of the most impressive bridges in Pakistan, spanning the Indus River and connecting Rohri with Sukkur. The Lansdowne Bridge was built in 1889 by the British, and was the longest rigid girder bridge in the world at the time. The Ayub Bridge was built in 1962, and is the third longest arch bridge in the world. The bridges are engineering marvels, and offer spectacular views of the river and the city.


Rohri is a city that has a lot to offer to travelers who are interested in history, culture, and archaeology. The city is a treasure trove of ancient and modern wonders, and a testament to a rich past and a vibrant present. Rohri is a city that deserves to be explored and discovered.


Rohri: A City of History, Culture, and Archaeology

Rohri is a city of Sukkur District, Sindh province, Pakistan. It is located on the east bank of the Indus River, across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh1 Rohri has a long history dating back to the 5th century BCE, when it was founded by Raja Dhaj and ruled by the Ror dynasty
It was also the capital of the Sauvira Kingdom, an important trading center in early Buddhist literature.

 Rohri is known for its archaeological sites, especially the Paleolithic sites of the Rohri Hills, where chert tools and blades were manufactured and used by the Harappan culture.

The Rohri Hills are also home to the Sateen Jo Aastan shrine, the Lansdowne Bridge, and the Ayub Bridge, which are some of the landmarks of the city.


Rohri: A City with a Rich and Ancient History

Rohri

 Rohri is a city of Sukkur District, Sindh province, Pakistan. It is located on the east bank of the Indus River, located directly across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. Rohri town is the administrative headquarters of Rohri Taluka, and tehsil of Sukkur District with which it forms a metropolitan area. The city has a rich history, dating back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It was built by Raja Dhaj in 5th BCE and was ruled under the Ror dynasty (450 BC to 489 AD). Rohri is 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) west of the ancient city of Aror. The city's history prior to the Arab invasion in the eighth century is not well-known, but Aror was the capital of the A- Ror dynasty, which was followed by Rai dynasty and then the Brahman dynasty that once ruled northern Sindh. In 711 CE, Aror was captured by the army of Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim. In 962 CE, a massive earthquake struck the region, causing the course of the Indus River to shift. Aror was re-founded as Rohri afterwards. Rohri served as a busy port along the Indus by the 1200s, and was a major trading centre for agricultural produce. The city has a hot desert climate with extremely hot summers and mild winters. Rohri is very dry, with the little rain it receives mostly falling in the monsoon season from July to September. The average annual rainfall of Rohri is 105.8 mm as per 1991-2020 period. The highest annual rainfall ever is 669.4 mm, recorded in 2022 and the lowest annual rainfall ever is 0 mm as it was a record dry period in the city in 1941.



Source: YouTube