Thursday, December 14, 2023

Rohri: A City with a Rich and Ancient History


 Rohri is a city of Sukkur District, Sindh province, Pakistan. It is located on the east bank of the Indus River, located directly across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. Rohri town is the administrative headquarters of Rohri Taluka, and tehsil of Sukkur District with which it forms a metropolitan area. The city has a rich history, dating back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It was built by Raja Dhaj in 5th BCE and was ruled under the Ror dynasty (450 BC to 489 AD). Rohri is 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) west of the ancient city of Aror. The city's history prior to the Arab invasion in the eighth century is not well-known, but Aror was the capital of the A- Ror dynasty, which was followed by Rai dynasty and then the Brahman dynasty that once ruled northern Sindh. In 711 CE, Aror was captured by the army of Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim. In 962 CE, a massive earthquake struck the region, causing the course of the Indus River to shift. Aror was re-founded as Rohri afterwards. Rohri served as a busy port along the Indus by the 1200s, and was a major trading centre for agricultural produce. The city has a hot desert climate with extremely hot summers and mild winters. Rohri is very dry, with the little rain it receives mostly falling in the monsoon season from July to September. The average annual rainfall of Rohri is 105.8 mm as per 1991-2020 period. The highest annual rainfall ever is 669.4 mm, recorded in 2022 and the lowest annual rainfall ever is 0 mm as it was a record dry period in the city in 1941.

Source: YouTube 

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