Showing posts with label Darya Sindh. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Darya Sindh. Show all posts

Monday, April 8, 2024

Modern Banditry: The High-Tech Arsenal of Today’s Robbers

The Dacoits of Sindh: A Tale of Kachy k Dako

Illustration of Kache k daku with prominently displayed Sindhi ajrak topi, kidnapping people by the Indus River Islands.
Kache k Daku in Action by the Indus River

     At the core of Sindh, a region renowned for its storied past and effervescent culture, a narrative endures that has been shared in hushed tones for ages. It's the chronicle of the Urdu : 'Kachy k Dako, کچی کے ڈاکو' Sindhi: ‘Kachey Ja darail ڪچي جا ڌاڙيل‘  a term that brings to mind the image of intrepid bandits and their audacious feats within the broad, relentless expanse of the territory. Embedded in the heart of the spirited province of Sindh, known for its historical depth and cultural vitality, there thrives a fable that has traversed through generations. This is the epic of 'Kache ja darail,' a term in Sindhi that paints a picture of valiant outlaws and their adventurous exploits over the wide, demanding landscapes of the locale.

     The lore of Sindh's dacoits, more than mere outlaws, is woven into the region's folklore. Viewed as dissenters challenging a flawed system, their tales brim with high-stakes pursuits, suspenseful abductions for ransom, and sporadic gestures of benevolence that stir the conscience of the community. These narratives, rich in action and moral complexity, have become an integral part of the province's cultural tapestry.

     The 'Kachy k Dako' are known to conduct their operations within the 'kacha' zones dense riverine woodlands along the Indus River, serving as an ideal hideout for their deeds. The challenging terrain of these areas provides a strategic edge to the bandits, complicating the efforts of law enforcement. Stories of their daring acts blend intimidation with allure, as they persistently dodge apprehension, ascending to legendary status.

     The infamous 'Kachy k Dako' of Sindh mirror the region's socio-economic challenges. Driven by poverty, limited educational opportunities, and job scarcity, individuals are compelled to adopt this perilous lifestyle a cycle of subsistence that frequently originates where other options are scarce.

     As dusk descends upon the Indus, the murmurs of 'Kachy k Dako' resonate. They stand as a testament to the intricate facets of the human condition and the delicate balance of morality. Their imprint lingers in Sindh's historical chronicles, weaving a story that is as enthralling as it is debated.

The Digital Footprint of Crime: Social Media as the New Platform for Criminals

     In today's rapidly evolving technological landscape, the criminal underworld is not far behind in harnessing cutting-edge tools. Law enforcement reports indicate a troubling shift: contemporary thieves are increasingly equipped with advanced gear, traditionally exclusive to military outfits. This trend underscores the escalating challenges faced by security forces in curbing high-tech criminal activities.

Advanced Surveillance: DJI's High-Tech Drones Elevate Operational Precision

     The arsenal of high-tech equipment now includes state-of-the-art drones from DJI, renowned for their precision and dual imaging features. Far from being simple playthings, these drones come loaded with functionalities that support intricate tasks. They boast high-definition thermal and visual cameras that can accurately focus on distant objectives, enhancing the capabilities of their operators in various operations.

Airborne Arsenal: The Alarming Trend of Anti-Aircraft Artillery in Criminal Hands

     The criminal inventory extends beyond drones to include anti-aircraft artillery. These powerful weapons, capable of firing at steep trajectories, have alarmingly found their way into criminal possession. Originally intended for aerial defense, these guns pose a significant threat when wielded without authorization, highlighting the urgent need for vigilant security measures.

Escalating Threats: The Perilous Inclusion of Rocket Launchers in Criminal Arsenals

     The inclusion of rocket launchers in the criminal cache significantly escalates the level of danger. These devices, engineered to discharge propelled rockets, underscore the alarming destructive capabilities now accessible to lawbreakers. Their presence in the wrong hands is a sobering testament to the evolving nature of criminal armaments.

Social Media: The New Stage for Criminal Showcases and Law Enforcement Challenges

     In the digital age, criminals are increasingly turning to social media to showcase their illicit activities. Platforms like TikTok, Facebook, and YouTube are being used by offenders to broadcast videos of crimes, shootings, and demands. They don’t shy away from directing abuse at public figures, including police officers, politicians, and singers, often coupled with ransom demands. The evidence of these activities is abundant across various social media platforms, creating a new challenge for law enforcement agencies.

Voice Deception for Ransom: The Rising Threat of AI-Enabled Fraud

     In a startling development, a fraudster harnessed sophisticated voice-altering software to mimic the voice of a young individual, orchestrating a deceptive abduction plot. The criminal’s strategy was to trick the guardian into believing their offspring was in danger, prompting a ransom payment. This incident underscores the growing concern over the abuse of AI-powered voice simulation technologies, which are readily available on the internet.

Revealing the Armory: The Critical Demand for Enhanced Protection Strategies in Policing

     Court testimonies from police officers have unveiled a stark reality: the arsenal confronting law enforcement is formidable. This disclosure emphasizes the critical need for comprehensive strategies and sophisticated defense mechanisms to protect society from these extensively armed foes.

     Content depicting gun violence is strictly prohibited across numerous platforms due to its violation of terms of service. Despite these restrictions, evidence of such content’s proliferation can be found across social media channels and television news segments, with numerous instances gaining rapid circulation within private messaging groups.

#kachykdako #crime 

Sunday, March 24, 2024

Sacred Shores: The Dual Pilgrimage of Rohri’s Isle

An elderly man with a long white beard, dressed in traditional green Islamic attire, stands majestically atop a large river fish. He appears to be a Sufi sage, serenely walking on the waters of the Indus River. The scene is bathed in sunlight filtering through sparse clouds, creating a tranquil and almost mystical atmosphere. In the distance, one or two birds can be seen gliding in the sky, adding to the serene ambiance. The image is rendered in high-resolution 2K quality, capturing the realistic details of this inspiring moment.

In the shadow of Rohri lies a diminutive isle, a mere half-acre in size, that resists the flood's peak, remaining unsubmerged. Encircled by a protective barrier, this island is home to a sacred shrine, a place of convergence for thousands of devotees both Muslims and Hindus from every corner of Sindh during the spring months of March and April. For Muslims, it's a pilgrimage to pay homage to Khwaja Khizr, while Hindus revere Jind Pir (a derivative of 'Zinda', meaning 'Living', thus 'Living Saint').

In the heart of Sindh’s riverine landscape, there exists a figure steeped in the lore of both Islam and Hinduism. He is known by many names: Khawaja Khizr, Jind Pir, and Zinda Pir, each a testament to his enduring presence. Envision an aged man, his white beard flowing like the river itself, garbed in the verdant hues of traditional Islamic dress. He stands, a picture of tranquility, upon a grand fish that glides across the Indus River’s surface. This Sufi elder, a sage of profound wisdom, seems to traverse the waters with a grace that belies his years. His journey across the Indus is not merely physical but symbolic, bridging the spiritual divide between cultures and beliefs. He is a living embodiment of the river’s life-giving force, revered by many as a guardian of the faithful and a beacon of unity.

Over time, the shrine's ownership sparked a dispute between the two faiths. Resolution came when Hindus relinquished their claim, establishing a separate shrine for Jind Pir along the riverbank in Sukkur. In a historic decree, the Public Works Department, via resolution No. 55-W-1 650 dated 10 April 1894, allocated approximately 16.50 ghuntas of land to the Sukkur Council for the Jind Pir Fakirs' trust, post a trust deed in favor of the then-leader, Bhai Balo. The trust ensured that he and his successors were entrusted with Rs 15000 to fulfill specific responsibilities linked to the shrine and its monuments.

A Muslim narrative recounts the tale of Shah Hussain (Saiful Muluk), a merchant from Delhi, who, along with his daughter, Badu-i-Jamal, journeyed down the Indus towards Mecca. Upon reaching Alore, they encountered Daluraj, the Hindu King, who, smitten by the daughter's beauty, sought her hand in marriage. His proposal was declined on the grounds of religious incompatibility. Undeterred, the king attempted to abduct her. However, during her prayers to Khwaja Khizr, her father was divinely instructed to release their boat. Miraculously, the river's course altered, flowing towards Rohri and ensuring their escape. In gratitude, Shah Hussain vowed to erect a shrine in honor of the saint who had safeguarded them. Guided by divine intervention, he chose a small island north of Bukkur for a mosque and mausoleum dedicated to Khwaja Khizr. Over time, devotees enriched the site, with some adorning the original tomb's door in silver. Regrettably, no remnants of these structures survive today.

Hindus associate Khawaja with Jind Pir, seen as the living embodiment of the Indus River, also known as Uderolal or Darya Shah. They honor him with the ritual lighting of lamps. The central edifice, whether tomb, temple, or cenotaph, features a niche representing the saint's seat, crowned by a stone slab with a Persian inscription, eloquently stating:

"When this court was raised, the waters of Khizr embraced it; penned by Khizr himself in delightful verse." 

The inscription's date, deciphered from 'Dargah-i-Ali', points to the year AD 952. Nearby, a dilapidated brick mosque bears another inscription dating back to AH 1011 (AD 1602). Before British rule, the guardians of Satyan-jo-Asthan and Khwaja Khizr's shrine held lands as charitable grants, performing sacred duties around the monuments. This tradition was upheld by Sir Charles Napier. 

If the minor disputes at the site of Khawaja Khizr Rohri in 1880 had been avoided, we might not be facing the current circumstances.

Wednesday, December 27, 2023

The Indus River and Rohri: A Historical and Cultural Connection

The Indus River is one of the longest and most important rivers in Asia, flowing through China, India, and Pakistan. It has been a source of life, civilisation, and trade for thousands of years, and has witnessed the rise and fall of many empires and cultures. The Indus River is also home to a rich and diverse wildlife, including the endangered Indus river dolphin.

One of the cities that lies on the banks of the Indus River is Rohri, a city of Sukkur District in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Rohri is located on the east bank of the river, directly across from Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh. Rohri has a long and fascinating history, dating back to the ancient times.

Rohri was originally founded as Roruka, the capital of the Sauvira Kingdom, which is mentioned in early Buddhist literature. Roruka was a major trading center, and was connected to other cities by the Grand Trunk Road, one of the oldest and longest roads in Asia. Roruka was also the site of a famous battle between Alexander the Great and King Porus in 326 BCE.

Roruka was later renamed as Aror, and became the capital of the Ror dynasty, which ruled northern Sindh from the 5th century BCE to the 5th century CE. Aror was then conquered by the Rai dynasty ( Locally known as Raja Dahir ), followed by the Brahman dynasty, which were both Hindu dynasties that resisted the Arab invasion of Sindh in the 8th century CE. Aror was finally captured by the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim in 711 CE, who established the Umayyad Caliphate in Sindh.

In 962 CE, a massive earthquake struck the region, causing the course of the Indus River to shift. Aror was abandoned and re-founded as Rohri on the new bank of the river. Rohri continued to serve as a busy port and a cultural hub, attracting many saints, poets, and scholars. Rohri is famous for its shrines, such as the Sateen Jo Aastan, the tomb of the Seven Sisters who were the daughters of a Hindu king and converted to Islam. Rohri is also known for its bridges, such as the Lansdowne Bridge and the Ayub Bridge, which span the Indus River and offer access between Rohri and Sukkur.

The Indus River and Rohri have a historical and cultural connection that spans centuries and civilizations. They are both symbols of the diversity, resilience, and beauty of the people and the land of Sindh.

A Brief Introduction to the Rai Dynasty of Sindh
A paragraph that summarises the main points of the text, such as:

A map of the Indian subcontinent in the 6th century CE, showing the political boundaries of various kingdoms and regions. The map is colored according to the dominant religion of each area: Hinduism (orange), Buddhism (yellow), Jainism (green), and Zoroastrianism (red). The map also shows the major rivers, mountains, and cities of the region. The focus of the map is on the province of Sindh, which is located in the lower right corner of the map, along the Indus River. Sindh is marked by a black border and labeled as "Rai dynasty". The Rai dynasty was the first known ruling dynasty of Sindh, and it controlled much of the northwestern regions of the Indian subcontinent. The map also shows the neighboring kingdoms and regions that had relations with the Rai dynasty, such as the Hephthalites, the Sassanians, the Gupta Empire, the Chalukyas, and the Maitrakas.


The Harappan Civilization and its Neighbors: This article explores the history, culture, and legacy of the Harappan Civilization, also known as the Indus River Valley Civilization, which flourished along the Indus River and its tributaries from 3300 to 1300 BCE. It highlights the features and achievements of its two main urban centers, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, and how they differed from and interacted with other ancient civilisations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China.

The Indus River and its Role in Asia: This article provides a comprehensive overview of the Indus River, one of the major rivers in Asia. It follows the source, path, branches, watershed, weather, environment, and past of the river, as well as its importance for the people and the region of South Asia.

The Harappan Culture and its History: This article introduces the Harappan Culture, also known as the Indus River Valley Civilization, which thrived along the Indus River and its branches from 3300 to 1300 BCE. It describes the location, society, commerce, faith, and downfall of this ancient civilisations.