Showing posts with label plant. Show all posts
Showing posts with label plant. Show all posts

Tuesday, March 26, 2024

Black and White Tales: The Hoverfly Mystery Captured on Camera

A Hoverfly mimicking a hummingbird, with distinctive black and white tail, captured on a cellphone camera.

Greetings, everyone! Recently, I encountered a fascinating insect that resembled a hummingbird in its swift movements. Upon closer inspection, it appeared to be a Hoverfly, yet its exact species eluded me. It boasted a striking black and white-tailed appearance, unlike any I had seen before. If this description rings a bell and you're familiar with its kind and name, please share your insights. This intriguing sighting was captured using a cellphone camera.


For those curious about the Hoverfly, it's a member of the Syrphidae family, easily recognized by a distinctive longitudinal false vein in its wings. The UK alone is home to over 270 species, some of which migrate to the region. These insects are harmless mimics of bees and wasps, sporting black and yellow patterns to deter predators.

As for the black and white-tailed bee, it could be the White-tailed bumblebee, scientifically known as Bombus lucorum. This common species is found across Europe and is part of the Bombus lucorum complex, which includes nearly identical-looking species that are challenging to differentiate without close examination.
Remember, the beauty of nature lies in its diversity, and every encounter with wildlife is a chance to learn and appreciate the intricate tapestry of life around us.🌿


#HoverflyMystery, #InsectIdentification, #NaturePhotography, #WildlifeWonder, #MimicryMarvels, #CellphoneCaptures, #BeeOrFly, #HummingbirdTwin, #BlackAndWhiteTailed, #SyrphidaeSightings

Wednesday, December 27, 2023

The Rise and Fall of Rohri Cement Factory: A Historical Case Study

Rohri Cement Factory

      A Historical Industrial Site in Sindh Rohri Cement Factory is one of the oldest and largest cement plants in Pakistan. Located in Rohri, a city in the Sukkur District of Sindh Province, the factory was established in 1938 by Associated Cement Companies, a Bombay-based company that owned several cement plants in India and Pakistan.
Rohri Cement factory
Cement Factory Rohri’s 

plant with several buildings, chimneys, and silos.
Rohri’s Cement Factory 

The factory was designed and supplied by F.L. Smith, a Danish engineering company that specialized in cement production equipment¹. The factory had a capacity of producing 200 tons of cement per day, using the wet process method¹. The factory used locally available limestone, clay, and gypsum as raw materials, and coal as fuel.

     The factory played a significant role in the industrial development of the region, as well as the construction of various infrastructure projects in Pakistan. The factory supplied cement for the Sukkur Barrage, the Kotri Barrage, the Mangla Dam, the Tarbela Dam, and the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant, among others.

     The factory also provided employment and livelihood opportunities for thousands of workers and their families. The factory had its own residential colony, hospital, school, mosque, and recreational facilities for its staff and workers². The factory also supported various social and cultural activities in the area, such as sports, festivals, and community service.

     However, the factory faced several challenges and difficulties over the years, such as political instability, labor unrest, environmental issues, and technological obsolescence. The factory gradually lost its competitiveness and profitability, as newer and more efficient cement plants emerged in the market³. The factory also suffered from frequent breakdowns, power outages, and maintenance problems.

In 1996, the factory was privatised and sold to a consortium of local investors, who renamed it as Rohri Cement (Private) Limited. The new owners tried to revive the factory by investing in modernisation and expansion projects, but they failed to achieve the desired results. The factory eventually ceased its operations in 2008, and was declared as a sick industrial unit by the government.

      Today , the factory stands as a silent witness to the history and heritage of the cement industry in Pakistan. The factory is still owned by Rohri Cement (Private) Limited, but it is not operational and is in a state of decay.The factory's buildings, machinery, and equipment are rusting and deteriorating, and some of them have been vandalised or stolen.

     The factory's fate is uncertain, as there are no clear plans or proposals for its preservation or restoration. Some of the factory's former employees and local residents have expressed their concerns and hopes for the factory's future, and have urged the authorities and the owners to take some action to save the factory from further damage and destruction.

     The factory is not only a valuable industrial asset, but also a cultural and historical landmark that deserves to be protected and conserved. The factory represents the legacy and contribution of the cement industry to the development and progress of Pakistan, as well as the memories and experiences of the people who worked and lived there. The factory is a part of the identity and heritage of Rohri, Sukkur, and Sindh, and it should be recognised and respected as such.

I hope you liked the article. If you have any feedback or suggestions, please let me know. 

  • Rohri Cement Factory
  • Historical Industrial Site
  • Cement Industry in Pakistan
  • Industrial Heritage and Preservation
  • Challenges and Opportunities of Reviving Sick Industrial Units

Rohri Cement Factory is an old and large cement plant in Pakistan that was established in 1938 by a Bombay-based company. The factory used the wet process method to produce cement, and supplied cement for various infrastructure projects in Pakistan. The factory also had its own residential colony and social facilities for its workers and staff. However, the factory faced many problems and challenges, and stopped its operations in 2008. The factory is now in a state of decay and neglect, and its future is uncertain

Rohri Cement Private Limited
Head Office: 405, 4th Floor, Panorama Centre, Building No.2, Doctor Plaza, Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan Road, Saddar -Karachi.
Phone # +92-21-36450684
Factory: Rohri, Sukkur, Pakistan.
Phone # +92-71-650111