Friday, February 9, 2024

Exploring Rohri City: A Hidden Gem in Sindh

 Rohri City is in the southern province of Sindh. It's a fascinating destination with a lot to explore. The city is rich in history and culture, offering insights into the ancient Indus Valley civilization. It's known for architectural marvels like the famous Sukkur Barrage. Rohri City also has bustling bazaars, enchanting shrines, and delicious local cuisine to enjoy. Travelers who want to discover Sindh's heritage should definitely visit Rohri City.

History of Rohri City

Early Settlements

Early settlements in Rohri City were primarily established due to the region's fertile land and proximity to the Indus River. The rich soil enabled early settlers to engage in agriculture, providing a sustainable food source and economic foundation.

In adapting to the geographical and environmental conditions, the early inhabitants developed efficient irrigation systems to make use of the river's water for farming and domestic purposes. Evidence of early cultural and societal development in Rohri City's early settlements can be seen in the remnants of ancient pottery, tools, and religious artifacts.

These artifacts not only reflect the daily lives and technological advancements of the early settlers but also their social and religious beliefs. Moreover, the layout of the settlements themselves indicates a level of urban planning and organization, with the remains of streets and public spaces demonstrating the early community's development and structure.

Colonial Influence

The British colonial rule significantly shaped Rohri City's development and infrastructure. They built railways and bridges, improving transportation and connectivity. Modern architectural styles and urban planning techniques introduced during that time have left a lasting mark. The colonial era also impacted the city's culture, heritage, cuisine, language, and traditions. It influenced the city's economy with the establishment of industries, educational institutions, and modernized governance.

These impacts continue to shape Rohri City's development, culture, and economy today.

Landmarks and Attractions in Rohri City

Sukkur Barrage

The Sukkur Barrage is near Rohri City. It controls water flow from the Indus River for irrigation and flood management. This helps support the local economy and food production by providing consistent irrigation for agricultural lands. The Barrage's construction has transformed the region into one of the most agriculturally productive areas, leading to economic growth and improved livelihoods for the local population.

The Barrage has 66 gates to control water flow and its engineering design is impressive. It enhances the agricultural landscape of the region and contributes to the generation of hydroelectric power, providing additional benefits to the area's economy.

Lansdowne Bridge

Lansdowne Bridge in Rohri City is very old and has a lot of history. It was built during the time when the British controlled the area. The way it was designed and made has kept it strong for a long time, making it an important part of the city's history. People who come to Rohri City often visit the bridge because it's a cool old thing to see. It's also a big help for people going in and out of the city.

The bridge makes it easier for people to travel and for goods to be moved around, so it's an important part of the city's transportation system.

Rohri Hills

The Rohri Hills are very important to the history and culture of Rohri City. They are a source of pride for the locals due to their historical significance and natural beauty. The hills have also contributed to the city's economic development and infrastructure. The presence of limestone and other minerals has created opportunities for mining and construction, leading to the growth of industries and job opportunities.

Additionally, the religious diversity and cultural heritage of Rohri City are reflected in the hills, making them a destination for pilgrims and tourists from different backgrounds.

Culture and Cuisine of Rohri City

Sindhi Cultural Heritage

Sindhi cultural heritage in Rohri City is rich in history, traditional music, and colorful festivals. The vibrant bazaars and ancient shrines showcase the enduring legacy of the Sindhi people. Despite colonial influence, locals have worked diligently to preserve their customs and traditions. Sindhi cultural heritage remains a vital part of daily life in Rohri City. Local cuisine, such as Sindhi biryani and saag, embodies the essence of Sindhi cultural traditions and unifies the community.

Festivals like Sindhi Topi Ajrak Day celebrate the distinctive attire and accessories of the Sindhi people, promoting and preserving their cultural heritage.

Local Cuisine

Rohri City has many unique traditional dishes. Some local favorites include Sindhi Biryani, Saag with lassi, and Sindhi Kadhi. The city's cuisine is influenced by its cultural heritage, using local spices and ingredients. The bold and flavorful taste reflects the region's history and traditions. Rohri City also hosts food festivals like the Sindhi Food Festival and Rohri Food Street, showcasing traditional dishes and street food for locals and visitors to enjoy.

Rohri City's Climate

Rohri City has an average annual temperature of around 27 degrees Celsius. It gets significantly hotter in the summer. The city also gets about 120 millimeters of rain annually, mainly during the monsoon season from July to September.

This climate really affects farming in the area. The summer heat makes it tough to grow certain crops. But the monsoon season brings much-needed water for irrigation. The main weather patterns in Rohri City are hot and dry summers, followed by the monsoon season, and cooler temperatures in winter. The region also experiences dust storms and occasional floods during heavy rains.

Economic Significance of Rohri City

Rohri City has major industries like agriculture, textile manufacturing, and small-scale businesses. Its location by the Indus River and its well-developed transportation system, including the Rohri Junction railway station, are key to its economy. These factors make it easy to transport goods and attract local and international investors.

However, the city faces challenges like water scarcity, infrastructure development, and unemployment. On the bright side, there are opportunities for growth, such as investing in renewable energy and promoting tourism. Efforts are underway to tackle these challenges, like building water supply schemes and improving workforce skills through technical training programs.

Transportation and Infrastructure in Rohri City

Rohri City has various transportation options like buses, taxis, and auto-rickshaws, making it easy for people to get around. Ongoing infrastructure projects, such as road expansions, bridge constructions, and a new railway station, show the city's dedication to enhancing its transportation system. These projects aim to reduce traffic congestion and improve connectivity within and around the city.

Rohri City also has strong transportation networks connecting it to major cities in the region, like Sukkur, Karachi, and Hyderabad, through well-maintained highways and train services. These efforts help strengthen the city's role as a regional hub for trade and commerce.

Education and Healthcare in Rohri City

Rohri City is home to a variety of primary education institutions, including public and private schools, which contribute significantly to the overall educational landscape. These schools offer a diverse range of educational opportunities for students, from conventional academic subjects to vocational training programs. In terms of healthcare, Rohri City provides accessible and effective healthcare facilities to its residents, including hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies.

However, the communityfaces major healthcare challenges such as limited access to specialty care and high costs of medical treatment. The government of Rohri City is actively involved in supporting and investing in the education and healthcare infrastructure. They allocate funds for the improvement of school facilities, teacher training, and educational resources.

Additionally, the government works to enhance healthcare services by investing in the construction and maintenance of medical facilities, as well as providing financial support for healthcare programs aimed at improving community health.

Religious Diversity in Rohri City

Rohri City has diverse religious communities like Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Sikhism. This diversity affects the city's social and cultural dynamics, creating a rich mix of traditions and celebrations. Religious landmarks like the Rohri Hill Temple, Shahbaz Qalander Shrine, and St. Jude's Church reflect this diversity and serve as symbols of unity and coexistence among different faiths.

These places not only offer spaces for religious observance but also represent the city's varied faith traditions coming together.


Rohri City is in Sindh, Pakistan. It's a hidden gem waiting to be explored. The city has a rich history and architectural marvels like the iconic Ayub Bridge. It also has a vibrant culture. Visitors can experience something unique and authentic here. From the ancient ruins of Mohenjo-daro to the bustling streets and markets, there's something for every traveler to discover in this lesser-known city of Sindh.

Wednesday, January 31, 2024

How NICVD and Sindh Government are Providing Free Cardiac Services in Sukkur

A photo of a hospital building with a sign that says NICVD Sukkur and a Pakistani flag on top.

The people of Sukkur and nearby areas can now access quality heart care at the newly inaugurated NICVD Centre in Sukkur. This is the fifth and the second largest NICVD Centre in Sindh, established in collaboration with the Sindh government. The 300-bed facility offers free-of-cost services, including 24/7 cardiac emergency, adult and paediatric cardiology, interventional cardiology, out-patient and in-patient services, and cardiovascular surgeries. The NICVD Centre in Sukkur is equipped with modern technology and staffed by experienced cardiologists, surgeons, nurses, and technicians. This is a remarkable achievement for NICVD and the Sindh government, who are committed to providing the best cardiac care to the people of Sindh.

A new stroke treatment facility has been launched at NICVD Hospital in Sukkur. This is a great news for the people living in and around the city. We pray to Allah for our safety and well-being. In case of a stroke emergency, we urge everyone to seek prompt medical attention at NICVD Hospital, Sukkur, where the best doctors are available. 

If you want to get in touch with NICVD, you can find their contact details below. NICVD is the leading cardiac care institute in Pakistan, offering free and quality services to patients with heart diseases. NICVD has five centres across Sindh, including the second largest one in Sukkur. You can reach them by phone, email, or visit their website for more information. You can also send them a message using the online form on their contact page.

Contact Details of NICVD

  • Address: Rafiqui (H.J.) Shaheed Road, Karachi- 75510, Pakistan
  • Phone: +92-21-99201271-5
  • Fax: +92-21-99201287
  • Website: NICVD.ORG
  • Email: #NICVD #SukkurCity #StrokeAwareness #MedicalFacility


Saturday, January 27, 2024

Sukkur Rohri: A City Shrouded in Fog

A foggy view of Sukkur Rohri, showing the Indus River, the Rohri Bridge, and the Masoom Shah Minar in the background

Sukkur Rohri is a city in the Sindh province of Pakistan, located on the banks of the Indus River. It is known for its historical and cultural heritage, as well as its strategic location as a major railway junction. However, in the winter season, Sukkur Rohri faces a different challenge: fog.

     Fog is a phenomenon that occurs when water droplets or ice crystals suspend in the air near the earth’s surface, reducing visibility. Fog can be caused by various factors, such as temperature, humidity, wind, and topography. In Sukkur Rohri, fog is mainly influenced by the river and the surrounding plains, which create a humid and cool environment.

     According to the National Weather Forecasting Centre of Pakistan, fog conditions are common in Sukkur Rohri from December to February, especially during the night and early morning hours. The visibility can drop to as low as 150 to 250 meters, affecting the traffic and transportation in the city. The fog also poses a risk for the health and safety of the residents, as it can cause respiratory problems, eye irritation, and accidents.

     To cope with the fog, the authorities and the citizens have adopted various measures, such as installing fog lights, using fog horns, wearing masks, and avoiding unnecessary travel. The National Highways and Motorway Police also issue regular fog reports and advisories for the drivers and commuters, urging them to follow the safety guidelines and precautions.

     Despite the challenges, some people also find beauty and charm in the foggy scenes of Sukkur Rohri. The fog creates a mystical and serene atmosphere, enhancing the historical and cultural landmarks of the city, such as the Sukkur Barrage, the Rohri Bridge, the Masoom Shah Minar, and the Sadh Belo Temple. Some photographers and artists also capture the foggy moments of Sukkur Rohri, showcasing the city’s unique and diverse character.

     Sukkur Rohri is a city that embraces its foggy winters, as it does with its other seasons. The fog is a part of the city’s identity, adding to its richness and complexity. Sukkur Rohri is a city that is not afraid of the fog, but rather, learns to live with it.

  • #SukkurRohri
  • #CityOfFogAndHeritage
  • #SukkurBarrage
  • #MasoomShahMinar
  • #SindhProvince
  • #IndusRiver
  • #FoggyWinters
  • #SadhBeloTemple
  • #RohriBridge
  • #Pakistan

Friday, January 26, 2024

Sindh government demands explanation for CPEC motorway project cancellation

Sindh CM’s letter to PM highlights CPEC motorway project issues

In a letter to caretaker Prime Minister Anwar-ul-Haq Kakar, caretaker chief minister Sindh Maqbool Baqir expressed his displeasure over the removal of Karachi-Hyderabad and Sukkur Motorway from the CPEC project by the federal government. He stated that no ‘specific reason’ was given for the decision to exclude the vital road link from the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). He also pointed out that the Peshawar-Karachi Motorway project had completed all its major roads, except for the crucial M-Six segment from Hyderabad to Sukkur Abtik. He said that the lack of progress and execution on the ground was worrisome and the omission of the Karachi-Hyderabad and Sukkur Motorways added to the concerns
  • CPEC Motorway Project: Sindh CM’s Letter to PM
  • Sindh Government’s Grievances over CPEC Exclusion
  • How CPEC Road Link Removal Affects Sindh’s Development
  • CPEC Controversy: Sindh CM Protests Federal Decision
  • Sindh CM Demands Explanation for CPEC Motorway Cancellation


Tuesday, January 16, 2024

The Role and Challenges of School Districts in Public Education

A photo of a district school in Pakistan with a blue sky and green trees in the background

A school district is a local authority that manages public schools for elementary or secondary education in various nations. In North America, particularly in the United States, school districts are widespread and have a lot of influence over how schools function and what they teach. Each school district has an education board that decides on school policies and rules. The board members may be chosen by the people who live in the district, appointed by a higher power, or have another method of getting their position. The education board also hires a superintendent, who is the head of the school district and supervises the daily running of the schools. School districts have different funding sources, depending on the state laws and local situations. Most school districts can collect taxes from the people and businesses in their area, within certain limits set by the state. Some school districts may also receive money from the state or federal government, or from other sources like donations or grants. School districts vary in size and quality. Some school districts may have only one school, while others may have hundreds of schools. Some school districts may have high academic standards and performance, while others may struggle with low test scores and graduation rates. Some school districts may offer a range of programs and services for students, such as special education, gifted education, bilingual education, or extracurricular activities, while others may have limited options. School districts are often subject to legal challenges and controversies. Some of the issues that school districts may face include student rights, teacher rights, school funding, school choice, curriculum, discipline, segregation, discrimination, and accountability. School districts may have to deal with lawsuits from parents, students, teachers, or other parties who are unhappy with the school district’s policies or actions. School districts may also have to follow the rules and regulations of the state and federal government, which may change over time.

Each school district has an education board that sets the school policies and regulations. The board members may be chosen by the district residents, assigned by a higher power, or have another method of obtaining their role. The education board also employs a superintendent, who is the head of the school district and supervises the daily running of the schools.

School districts have various funding sources, depending on the state laws and local situations. Most school districts can tax the people and businesses in their area, within certain boundaries set by the state. Some school districts may also receive money from the state or federal government, or from other sources like donations or grants.

School districts differ in their scale and quality. Some school districts may run only one school, while others may operate hundreds of schools. Some school districts may excel in academic standards and performance, while others may face low test scores and graduation rates. Some school districts may provide a range of programs and services for students, such as special education, gifted education, bilingual education, or extracurricular activities, while others may have few options.

     School districts often face legal issues and disputes. Some of the problems that school districts may encounter include student rights, teacher rights, school funding, school choice, curriculum, discipline,segregation, discrimination, and accountability. School districts may have to handle lawsuits from parents, students, teachers, or other parties who are dissatisfied with the school district’s policies or actions.School districts may also have to comply with the rules and regulations of the state and federal government, which may vary over time.

A photo of several district schools in Pakistan with mountains and fields in the background.

BISE Sukkur

IBA Sukkur

School District Wikipedia 

#districtschools #pakistan #education #rural #photography #sigma85mm #school #students #teachers #nature #mountains #fields #culture #diversity #beauty #travel #explore #discover #learn #inspire

School district in winter

Saturday, December 30, 2023

Protecting the Indus River Dolphins: A Call for Action

Indus River dolphin eating plastic, dirty pollution in water sky city

The image depicts an **Indus River dolphin** surrounded by **plastic pollution** in the water. The sad reality is that these beautiful creatures are facing the harmful consequences of human waste and pollution. Let's raise awareness and work towards cleaner oceans and rivers to protect our marine life. 🐬🌊

A group of people wearing protective masks and gloves holding a banner that says “Save the Indus River Dolphins” in front of a river

A recent meeting of Pakistani environmentalists and experts in Sukkur at the Indus River Dolphin Conservation Center, organised by WWF Pakistan, discussed the deaths of Indus River dolphins and urged for a complete ban on fishing in the dolphin reserve area. The meeting was prompted by the discovery of five dead dolphins last month, four of which were found near Rohri at the village of Ali Wahan. Three of the dead dolphins were females. Two of them were buried, while the other three were examined by WWF Pakistan conservationists Muhammad Imran, Liaqat Ali Khokhar, cetacean expert Francois Xavier Pelletier, and Sindh Wildlife Department staff. The examination revealed that the dolphins died from either net entanglement or chemical poisoning. Samples were collected for further testing and a report will be released after the analysis. Uzma Noureen, the project coordinator for the Indus River Dolphin Conservation Project (IRDCP), said that an action plan against the use of harmful chemicals will be developed once the samples are analysed. She also mentioned that a dolphin was rescued from the Nara Canal before the deaths were reported. Ghulam Mustafa Gopang, the district officer of the Sindh Fisheries Department, expressed his worry about the fishing practices and said that they need to be changed or improved. Taj Muhammad Sheikh, the deputy conservator of the wildlife department, demanded a ban on fishing in the dolphin reserve area. Abdul Sattar Saryo, the assistant engineer of the Irrigation Department, said that the department will offer any assistance to monitor the barrage gates, canals, and any other places where dolphins might be in trouble.  

     I appreciate that Pakistan is taking steps to protect its river dolphin population, but I think more needs to be done. This rare dolphin has lost 80% of its original habitat due to water scarcity, excessive use of agrochemicals in the river basin, and discharge of untreated wastewater. It has also suffered from illegal fishing methods that involve nets and poisons that kill the dolphins. These dolphins, along with their relatives the Ganges and Amazon River dolphins, are indicators of freshwater quality. They share their habitat with many other aquatic animals that depend on them. If these dolphins disappear, the whole ecosystem will be affected. That is why I strongly believe that serious measures should be taken to restore their populations. One way to do this is to raise awareness among the public about the status and importance of these dolphins. Another way is to educate the fishermen about the ecological role of these dolphins and how to avoid harming them. This way, the river dolphins can reclaim their ancestral range and thrive in their native rivers.

  • How Pakistan Can Save Its Endangered River Dolphins
  • The Plight of the Indus River Dolphins: Causes and Solutions
  • Indus River Dolphins: A Rare Species Facing Multiple Threats
  • Why Pakistan Needs to Ban Fishing in the Dolphin Reserve Area
  • Protecting the Indus River Dolphins: A Call for Action

Source: 30/12/2023

Forest Department Government’s of Sindh Official


Nare Shala ناري شالا: A Historic and Progressive Institution for Girls’ Education and Empowerment

Nare Shala ناري شالا is an educational institution that was founded in 1933 by Devan Pasu Mal Bhagwandas Chandwani, a railway officer, in Old Sukkur. In the same year, he also opened Parmeshure Chandwani Girls High School opposite the Sukkur Post Office. These schools offer free training to widows, orphans, and poor girls in various skills, such as sewing, embroidery, handicrafts, soap making, planting, and other arts and crafts. The girls learn to work and think like designers and artists, with intelligence and creativity. The chairman of this organisation at that time was Rai Bahadur Kundan Das. The old buildings of the schools may need to be replaced with new ones soon. The new Government Primary Girls High School Sukkur has been constructed.

A picture of Nare Shala ناري شالا, an educational institution in Old Sukkur, with its old and new buildings and some girls learning various skills

  • Nare Shala ناري شالا
  • Girls’ education and empowerment
  • Free training in arts and crafts
  • Historic and progressive institution
  • Old Sukkur schools

Article Author 
Syed Imdad Hussain Shah Rizvi Kotai’s